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19 April –

Forum for Arctic

Climate Change and Security

Stockholm

Capstone Seminar
Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Art
speaking14:00 – 14:30  Opening Remarks
Arctic Forum workshop summaries: geoeconomics, geopolitics, and security cooperation
Dr. Jeffrey Mazo
Managing Editor, Survival, Research Fellow for Environmental Security and Science Policy, IISS

entranceGetting started here a little after 2PM, J. Mazo thanking folks for coming, thank yous to Carl Bildt, talking about his long affiliation at IISS, now talking about IISS’s long history on security and foundation’s focus initially on nuclear proliferation, but today on the Arctic.

Rapid climate change in the Arctic – studies, led by J. Mazo, and his colleague [??], and country expertise with IISS Russian and Eurasian departments alongside early career researcher participation, Shilo Fetzek [with whom I enjoyed a dinner yesterday at the Swedish ministry of foreign affairs, ed.], three expert level workshops, London, Brussels, Washington, brought together senior officials and experts from 19 countries, NGOs, Indigenous, etc., “conducted under Chattam House rules” so I can’t tell you who was involved but pamphlets on the projects are available [speaking of the other workshops].

fruitNow talking about the specifics of each workshop: first focused on impact on Asian emerging economies by opening up the Arctic sea route, and levels of inclusion in decision making processes – time scales of development are delayed than typically reported in the Arctic; second focused on military and search and rescue, consensus of risk of contention would be resolved diplomatically, but that knowledge sharing is essential; final workshop in December, in DC, future prospects for cooperation in the Arctic, safety and security needs-academic debates surrounding future conflict seems robust and lively, but cooperation and among state actors appears to hinge on highly useful forums like Arctic Council, and others, addressing sensitive issues as the Arctic opens.

filmingPotential cooperation rather than competition, but needs architecture of knowledge sharing and security, in the backdrop of environmental changes.

Scientific knowledge is incomplete esp. timing of events in relation to social and geopolitical developments. Despite an overall atmosphere of cooperation, there are areas of creeping military and antagonistic potential in the context of strategic developments.

Finally, there is a need for new formal security architectures and government structures.

So, in general, a background on these topics.

Swedish and Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Canadian and Japanese govt. funds sponsored today’s workshop.

Tweeting: Hash tag. IISS

14:30 – 15:30 Keynote Discussion
Policy directions for Arctic stability
Chair: Adam Ward, Director of Studies, IISS
Carl Bildt, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sweden
Erkki Tuomioja, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Finland

Ward: Fabulous to be surrounded by such magnificent portraiture. Introducing the security tensions that could emerge, and neutralizing that potential. How is it possible to achieve stability needed and required against backdrop of great dynamism, globalization of the Arctic, climate change….

full shotBildt: Among the paintings and sculptures, celebrating IISS, we see rapid increase in Arctic developments, and the role of IISS in framing issues is very significant.

Sweden and Finland, lumping us together, we are not by the Arctic sea, but we are nations with an interest and intensive experience in Arctic regions, mentioning a navigator [?], Swede from Finland, a Russian subject but voyage financed through Sweden. We are the nations in the world with IceBreakers and Ice experience, because of our location in the Baltic, so we have a long tradition of Arctic experience, scientific work.

boarWe are now in a phase of the Arctic opening up, it is a scary story, climate change 2x as fast in the Arctic, things that we must and should do as Arctic Council, actively, but overall it is a global issue at the global level, we should have the same global regime operating in the Arctic, UNCLOS.

The possibility of the Trans-Polar, the northern passage, right across the top of the Arctic, which we should have in mind, not within the foreseeable future, as a trade route that directly competes with Suez, 40 percent shorter, but still colder, and container traffic, which requires timelines, maybe not, but for bulk shipping, mining etc. yes.

manOil and gas development will be somewhat slower than what we read about in the media, and in areas that are fairly accessible, Barents, Norway, Russia, but not in Alaska, for example, in Alaska, as seen in Shell’s recent problems. Probably faster than mining. On the environmental side, we also have to deal with retreat of permafrost, and methane release.

Arctic Council, 1996, Rovaneimi process, in the last few years, it has expanded, two years ago, the first legal binding issue on search and rescue among the 8 states, and on oil spills, we signed a legal binding agreement requesting best technologies. Opened permanent secretariat in Tromsø.

Arctic Council will be a model for other parts of the world: A firm basis in international legality, leaving a mark in global diplomacy, with open access.

Question by Ward: You mention global importance, do you think there should be a global framework?

Bildt: Sovereign rule with international legality…

mealTuomioja: Repetition is the mother of learning [referring to his plans to repeat what the Swedish Minister just stated]. Finland, we had access to the Arctic, but that is neither here nor there now [significant way to begin, noted by others during coffee break].

But we have a lot of know-how. Finnish Ice-breakers, whenever you need icebreakers just turn to us.

Nordic security point — the ice is melting, that is the key factor behind all the opportunities behind the discussions on the opening of the Arctic.

One degree elsewhere means 2 degree in the Arctic, and then we have melting of everything, but no one can tell what will be, so we have uncertainty.

My speech writers identified this seminar as a key meeting ahead of the Kirina meeting. A few words about the Arctic Council itself. Relatively young organization, 1996, foundations laid in 1991, a long way in a short period, focusing originally on the impact of pollutants from outside the Arctic, and now, focusing on globalization impacts in the arctic, and a very clear and human dimension, oil and gas, and one by one added to the agenda of the Arctic Council.

Screen Shot 2013-04-19 at 6.49.18 PMThe concept of Security was originally omitted from the foundational documents. Not necessarily a military issue, but hydrocarbon development, biodiversity, increased shipping, fish stocks, environmental capacity, not in any sense security issues in the Military sense, but are a real security issue for human livelihoods.

kingWe don’t need confrontation, but cooperation. Global issues not generated by the Arctic, but perhaps reflected in discussions on the Arctic. As with Carl [Bildt] I think the Arctic Council is a good model for other regional cooperation, the fact that 5 Nordic countries involved helps [joke]… Observers, have something of a bigger role, is important to have the European Union as an observer, bring knowledge and resources.

Ward: Taking questions

Q: The rise of the Arctic 5, what is your view on the recently launched Arctic Cyclone?
A: ?

yeahQ: How do you feel that Sweden and Finland are sidelined by the Arctic 5 (countries with access to the Ocean).
A: Non-littoral countries are appreciated, so there are no real threats to being left out. US has surprising rudimentary capabilities for maintaining Arctic presence. We have icebreakers.

Q: Will Arctic Council strengthen its institutional capacity with other organizations?
A: I doubt you will see the Arctic Council as much, I don’t see it developing as a foreign affairs council as such, like the European Union [Bildt].

Q: Swedish chairmanship — can you comment on the incoming chairmanship. Any specific questions you may have.
A: [Bildt] — They will emphasize economic and Indigenous issues, only look at a map, [so] continuity and augmentation. There’s more questions on what happens thereafter. Right now, Arctic is a low on the issues list in the US, so they will have to ramp up when they take over in 2 years, and John Kerry as Sect. of State has an active interest in this area [Ward: is it sufficient?] — America has an uncanny ability to turn itself around on issues.

Space assets, are key to understanding the Arctic, and coordinating all these space assets is crucial to developing an understanding of the Arctic.

bigQ: How about Greenland?
A: [Bildt] — a new government, democratic debate, and now has autonomy, exercising their right to make decisions. New Prime Minister in Copenhagen recently, and Denmark sort of accepts that decisions are going to be made by Greenland.

Q: If the story of the Antarctic treaty has any fundamental affects on the Arctic? Developing an authority. My other comment is that when you emphasize Finland and Sweden, there is also an expertise by countries on infrastructure, from countries in the south, Germany and China, which has icebreakers.

thereA: [Bildt]: There are no Arctic solutions for oil and gas development — but global solutions. Pace of development will be reduced by lower natural gas prices.

Q: If we are preparing even for 5% of development, but for the potential of development and the risks that ensue. Non development is a non-issue. Fairly certain that ice is melting, and of the iron ore prices and oil and gas prices. One way or the other, there is going to be development. There will be significantly more development in the Arctic no matter what.

break15:30 – 15:45 Coffee Break
Okay, great coffee break. I chatted with Pavel Baev and Katri Pynnöniemi, Researcher, Ulkopoliittinen Intituutti [Finnish Institute of International Affairs] — They enjoyed my comments about why we do not hear any presentations on steps to non-development. Oliver Truc, journalist and foreign correspondent for Paris’ Le Monde newspaper brought me aside and recorded a few of my off handed remarks, inside one of the art galleries nearby the coffee room.

15:45– 16:30 Responses I
Economics and development
Chair: Shiloh Fetzek, Research Analyst for Climate Change and Security, IISS

Pavel Baev, Research Professor, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
Now we have Tamnes [see below]. Rapid increase in global interest in Arctic. Since the start of the new Putin administration, the Arctic has decreased in importance, now different issues occupy his attention. Russian politics there is a shift toward the Far East, caused by the rise and slow down of China, and Russia needs to relate to the United States pivoting there, that is why more money goes there. Yes the Arctic has some programs moving forward, that are delayed, and there is money promised, but the Arctic has slipped down, nothing that you would expect (because of the flag plotting, and Russia discovered its position of strength), but in the end, nothing much. And this relates another point, concerning oil and gas development — looks very different every day, not somewhat slower, but Hugely slower, not only Russia finds it difficult to relate to this, but EU common energy policy based on directives before the crisis, which is about robust arctic oil and gas development.

lightsArctic is primarily about gas, and Russia cannot deal with that, and therefore, slips into denial, with Gazprom remarking that shale gas is all Hollywood, smoke and mirrors, and just a couple years ago in Russian assessments completely inflated numbers about oil and gas, based on USGS 20% undiscovered, because in Russia, the real potential became just the real, and all this was building and then finally, Shtokman dropped last year, and Statoil wanted out, wondering what would happen, but then it did happen and nothing happened, and not only that there is no way to make it environmentally safe after all.

My last comment is about Arctic Council — What drives it on the Russian side. There is a huge project about expanding Russian continental shelf, and they are still working on it, Russian’s perfect understanding is never about evidence but about neighbors.

Generally, working with the 5 partners, they will carve up the Arctic and that will be that.

Dr. Bjørn Gunnarsson, Managing Director, Centre for High North Logistics
Now talking about economic development opportunities, no more realistic than ever before, interest from Russia and other countries and high commodity prices. But increasingly essential to establish infrastructure, design for operation on and off shore, the Arctic region lacks much of the infrastructure necessary to monitor these resource extraction industries, remoteness, bitter cold, and severe storms, icing, unpredictable ice flows, increased coastal erosion, permafrost thawing, have the potential of increasing cost of maintaining infrastructure for 10s to hundreds of billions of dollars.

two friendsculpture16 days to Shanghai in comparison to Suez, one saves up to 40% travel time, CO2 greenhouse gases, oil. But several deficiencies, if Arctic emerges as trade route, task at hand is to develop infrastructure necessary for meeting the safety and logistic needs of stakeholders. Requires pollution prevention, reliability…

First step in addressing challenges: Detailed assessment of existing infrastructure of the Arctic, available facilities, we need to know what is currently there, to identify state of affairs, and be necessary base line for projecting future activities. Recent effort to do that is Arctic Council’s Marine initiative. AMATI, will help policy makers with an inventory of what infrastructure is in place and what is needed. The effort and Arctic will generate an Arctic maritime data base and web-based map.

Second step — followed by a circumpolar modeling of infrastructure required for emergency response and development, with graphic component and GIS mapping, various components of the chain should be tied together, volumes and trade flows — the need to create off-shore hubs for travel — the harbors are all too shallow, floating units are cheaper to build than land base units. Loose infrastructure and mobile assets need to be created, interconnected with important roadways, river transport, rail, airports. If the Arctic is to be a competitive for Suez, it needs to be all year, and established with all of these infrastructure issues. But the Arctic ocean will refreeze during the winter months. This will require, high-ice class cargo ships with assistance in teams. And they should be connected to “Hubs” — with non strengthened feeder ships located in Aleutians and Barents on either side. Should be based on logics, science, and sensible (read: not politics). “Without any political implications.”

folksThird Step: international partnership for putting in Arctic international transport system would need to be put in place, some kind of funding mechanism needs to be put in place, a Transnational Arctic Bank or Arctic Bank — like World Bank, which can finance and open possibility of attracting sovereign wealth funds, for investment, and all the countries need to be involved . Without cost sharing, the upfront capital costs are prohibitive, infrastructure maintenance would be partly funded through user fees. Most of this transport activity will originate within the Barents and Kara seas, and east of the Urals, where oil and gas takes place, and large Russian rivers heading North, can provide commercial opportunities for facilitating development of Siberia. And then there is China, 90% of trade carried by sea, looking for Arctic trade routes and strengthening ties with Russia. “The potential possibility of trade through Arctic is too great to ignore” — requires capacity building (quoting from Director General of Shanghai Polar Research Institute)– Finally, as Arctic and non-Arctic countries pursue oil and gas development, minerals, tourism, an international region wide planning approach needs to be created and improved understanding of cumulative impacts.

Q: About arctic council and China, regarding Russia mainly.

A: [Baev] — the strategy of 2020 is approved earlier this year, which means 3 years too late, first targets to 2015 should be met, but have all been emptied out of purpose, as far as national security, in Russian strategic thinking, if US builds a strategic field, the Arctic must be there, deploying land assets in the Arctic zone, but since US is not serious about Strategic Field, the response is low. And spirit of cooperation perhaps will vanish?

A: [Gunnarsson] — Russian and China cooperation, but needs to include energy companies, commercial shipping industries, a joint effort to establish infrastructure, if indeed that is something that is wanted.

We need to look at the big picture, but not a little puzzle pieces. How does the infrastructure that is needed, how will that impact the migration of mammals, etc.

Website on Marine Infrastructure: http://arcticinfrastructure.org

sitting16:30 – 17:15  Responses II

Politics and security
Chair: Christian Le Mière, Senior Fellow for Naval Forces and Maritime Security, IISS

Rolf Tamnes, Professor, Norwegian Institute for Defense Studies (IFS)
Okay, last meeting of the day. Well I would like to start by drawing your attention to two very brief points: Transformation for the Arctic belongs to the distant future, related to oil and gas development and shipping, what we end up in the short and medium term perspective, is destinational traffic and mineral development. I would not exclude oil and gas development, but you know better than me the impact of unconventional oil and gas development and the extremely high costs of developing the Arctic. The second point is that the conflict potential in the North is very modest, and I think that it is rather fair assessment today and will be tomorrow.

bigThe crisis of today is not in the North and will not be in the North in the near future. There are many reasons for this assessment for low probability, but peace and stability serves the economic interests of the states, almost all resources are all in areas of undisputed areas of jurisdiction, most boundary issues are resolved, and that Russia will come back with a better application for the claiming the shelf. And second, migration of fish, yes we have some history of that in Iceland and UK, but the management of fish in the Barents is very well done. While our goal is not in any sense to disclude possibility, I don’t see any major conflicts and what then are the challenges.

windowPolitics: Institutions. Of course the littoral states have a greater stake, the role of the Arctic 5 in the Council, or the Council — to small to handle the real issues, to big to handle small issues. There is almost no difference between ad hoc status and [?]…

Security the society security — and here we have excellent cooperation, extensive cooperation with Russia, there is potential for developing these cooperations, the challenges that another dimension in the North, and that is the hard core security — Russia is a great power and it has strategic assets up in the North, where the North is less importancy than before, what is left is that the North is the basic region of sovereign status.

Concern in Norway to try to revitalize cooperation so that the Arctic 5 will get back its credibility.

table settinginsideinferno






Prof. Paul Berkman, Research Professor, University of California Santa Barbara
Talking about this meeting being a kick off for Kiruna, and that Arctic Council has something to offer. This meeting riffs off of Iceland two weeks ago — so two meetings on security and now Kiruna, first cycle of chairmanships of Arctic Council. We could never have talks about security in 1996. Urgency was to establish basic levels of cooperation. Sustainable development ultimately lies on stability, so the issue of security is a component of stability.

eyeIf I asked everyone in this room, each person would have a different definition of security. But I would argue that it means that city or state is dealing with risk of instability — and now we are dealing with an Arctic that has fundamentally changed. If we think of this room, inflow and outflow, the Arctic is no different from this room, inflow and outflow, and now we have a total difference, 50 percent sea ice is different, so if we lifted the ceiling of this room, we would have a different reaction to each other.

As a result, the Arctic is fundamentally changed, and that’s all there is too it, because the environmental change has happened, and as a result there is a situation of instability.

ayeSo if we think about this, let’s return to historical purpose, 1987, Murmansk, Gorbachev, scientific exploration in the Arctic is important for all of mankind, setting up a concept much like Antarctica, where science has lead to cooperation. And this led directly to Rovaniemi, concepts, effectively incorporated into the Arctic Council, except the word “Peace” excluded from the Ottawa declaration, in part, because Peace is linked to demilitarization. Peace does not equate with demilitarization.

imageNow we have a period of low tension. What better circumstance to reflect on peace during a period of low tension. The word Peace began to appear a few years ago, under the Norway Chairmanship.

They have a responsibility to consider issues that lead to conflict — strategies that lead to cooperation, strategies that avoid conflict.

Russia to be the largest beneficiary of the Arctic, but also, that dialogue among the Arctic states has matured, and I would ask the Arctic states whether they are too timid to deal with security and deal with tensions if they ever arrive.

II recently wrote an article to the OP-ED NYTimes, that the United States is really behind the times. So it is unreasonable. But it is disingenuous for Obama to talk about climate change without talking about the Arctic. Also Obama won the Nobel Prize prematurely, and he needs to earn that prize by creating greater dialogue about peace in the Arctic.

Submarines — know exactly how thick the Arctic ice is. The fact that the submarine data has not been declassified — we would have known that the ice was thinking decades before than we did. But we had submarines up and down the Arctic since the 1950s about thickness through upward looking sonar sets.

skulptursculptureA security architecture is far to rigid — and a process is required that focuses on balance. Sustainability is one aspect of balancing environment, social and economic welfare. Balancing the future and past is important. If we look at the Arctic as a law of the sea, identifies different zones in the ocean, territorial zone, continental zone, national interests. Then there are international interests, deep sea and high sea. Global challenge — balancing what exists within the boundary of states and outside the boundary of states. Among the issues of balance, are strategies that seek to balance national interests and common interests.

Q: Don’t you think NATOs involvement in the region will influence or spoil the situation?

A: [Tamnes] NATO has been in the North since 1959. So that’s the starting point. Second, in this time of economic austerity, there are limited resources in NATO for establishing authority in the north. Third point, conclusion, there is no interest by NATO countries for getting NATO involved in Arctic Council. No role to play in security of the Arctic. Will taken care of within other frameworks.

Berkman’s response — Military is not only used for force, and we see that in search and rescue, in effect the military is brought into discussion and NATO is a military alliance, and is brought into discussion, and Russia and NATO had a meeting/dialogue at Cambridge talking about search and rescue. All Arctic states have developed their own security dialogue. But there is no shared forum for bring together their shared perspectives to discuss what security means. And NATO had this forum in UK to work with Russians, to work with frameworks that are already in place, environmental protection, and environmental security, as a forum for discussion. NATO involves all Arctic coastal states with exception with Russia.

againI am still actively engaged with my Russian colleagues and my policy stakeholders in creating a dialogue to explore these risks that were discussed in isolation.

17:15 – 17:30  Wrap-up
Christian Le Mière, Senior Fellow for Naval Forces and Maritime Security, IISS

Their task was made more difficult by the fact that they are surrounded by naked pictures in the room, but they did a marvelous job.

mealsOn Mon, Mar 25, 2013 at 11:54 AM, Shiloh F wrote:
> Your RSVP has been noted and we look forward to meeting you on the 19th.
>
> Best regards,
> Shiloh
>
> Research Analyst for Climate Change and Security
> International Institute for Strategic Studies
>
> Arundel House
> 13-15 Arundel Street
> Temple Place
> London
> WC2R 3DX
> Phone (direct): +44 (0) 20 7395 9907
> Phone (switchboard): +44 (0) 20 7379 7676
> Website: http://www.iiss.org/programmes/arctic-security/

also yeah

windowsitting

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arctic council

meals

18 April –

Conference

Sustainable Business

in the Arctic

Stockholm

sweden media



















Conference on Sustainable Business in the Arctic

12.00 – 13.00 Light luncheon will be served for participants:
welcome
I was lucky to blow into Stockholm noontime, to make the start of the meeting.

Visitor reception at the Arlanda airport leaving baggage claim.

Everyone is reminded of the prominent role of Stockholm as capital of Scandinavia, expressed in a “Hall of Fame” — large photographs of stars, recent and old, ranging from the sciences to sports adorn the walls as we all debark on our destinations.

Hall of fame meeting
13.15 Start of conference 
Moderator: Johan Kuylenstierna
Sustainable business in the Arctic – 3rd workshop

Introduction by the Swedish Arctic Ambassador, Gustaf Lind

The challenges ahead – Lloyd’s report “Arctic Opening: Opportunity and Risk in the High North”
Erik Börjesson, Lloyds

Insurance markets needs to understand risk exposures in the Arctic, first was aviation — appraise the risk carefully – protect claims, environmental and financial risks at stake. In Lloyds – we have a team that produces these kinds of reports – cyber risk, nanotechnologies. Our Arctic report was produced with Chattham House, launched in Oslo 12 April 2011, Greenpeace forced themselves into the event and contributed extremely professional – a set of summaries.

Great opportunities and enormous risks.

casablanca“Met a senior guy from Arctic Risk” –

In Norway, you have to change your idea and not only mention risk but the word “opportunity” – extreme opportunity from the Norway point of view. No one really knows the “exact” exposures. Asking operators to tell the truth about exact exposures – What would happen if we have a Macondo incident just before the stop of the drilling season, and oil goes out for 3 months. No one knows, there is no answer, no one is asking questions about this.

Insurances classes.

Property damage can be figured out and expected cost, but liability (oil pollution) can not be numbered. Removable wreck liability is extremely important. Size of ships bigger and bigger more difficult to remove. Extremely high cost on removal. Seminar in Oslo in June – a lot of industry people at the event. Lloyds and arctic on drilling risks.

garbo Drilling in arctic conditions —

What happens if a rig becomes a wreck. Disasters push for new regulations and best practices [he goes through a variety of disasters and demonstrates how in each case – disasters first and then best practices afterward]. Their recommendation is establish best practices first — they want the same standard for the whole arctic.

They want one regulatory regime across the Arctic.

One regime in the whole of the Arctic. Insurance and banking industry needs to be involved. Our report was the first step to improve this situation. More industry involvement – requires a framework for knowledge sharing. Insurance industry is key to participate in knowledge sharing. Hopefully the Canadian chairmanship will take initiative. Industry led initiatives for best practices.

the manQuestion: Moderator Johan Kyulenstierna

What’s the balance between risk and opportunity?

A: Extremely complicated – if we compare with investments in pharmaceutical area. There are certain rules and traditions on taking investments, how they evaluate risk. Also, insurance market needs to play a serious role to demand how regulations will be done. Have to be extremely careful.

“Arctic council is not a regulatory body” – so that would be a big step even though we are taking small steps in regulation. It is a dynamic body, and can find wasy for operating.

inferno
The shipping sector – towards an Arctic shipping declaration?
Åke Rohlén, Arctic Marine Solutions

“Voluntary Arctic Marine Declaration”.

Arctic is pretty much about exploring new areas, and going into areas not known before. At the same time, it is not unknown how to work in the Arctic – icebreaking companies, who can tell you how to operate in the Arctic and do so safely.  A lot of knowledge exists, but you have to spread it. Arctic is a very cooperative area.

An image of Arctic cooperation – operators are industry and one is tourism. It is not a zone of conflict but one of cooperation.

drinksBackground to this declaration— long-term investments require stability.

Stability –Arctic –new projects, new practices. We see different efforts in industry. Follow IMO polar code.

arlandaBasically talking about different judgement decisions that can be made before doing work in the Arctic. Also, is there appropriate expertise within the company for making informed decisions? How do we make sure knowledge exists in your company and how do we share that knowledge. –How do we make sure we are not repeating mistakes.

photographerShare environmental data collected during operations – in support of environmental research. Support forums for sharing best practices. Make own resources available in case of accident. Do not use suppliers or use data from companies, that does not operate according to declaration. So buying data from best practices company.

A lot of money, effort involved in data collection and data analysis. Perhaps there can be a Forum – provide by the Arctic council for dealing with these developments? Influence by Industry—Oil companies already operate on ultra low sulpher diesel in Arctic—many other icebreakers still run on fuel oil (government). Oil companies operate with SCR and pay for fitting them (Many research icebreakers operate without SCR)

So Oil companies are part of the solution more than government. We would dare to say that companies have higher standards than researchers, because they live in a world where they are constantly criticized. Going out for support from folks. Around in the arctic –Voluntary, practical steps for good examples.

“We have no agenda, other than being concerned peoples”

Johan Kuylenstierna speaks: “hate to putting you on the spot but this is the role that I have”.

shotArctic Council role; not everything has to be run by governments, a good example of the good work of corporate social responsibility – but not only talk but to do something in practice. “Clarifying questions – but not going deep and we will have discussion later”. Who can ensure enforcement when someone signs up on this?

Response: The group of people working in the arctic is very small because it is so expensive. If you get people to sign up for this, they want to see consistent high level , not that many companies and drilling – no answer. No need for universal policemen, other regulation can take care of it,

How do you make folks commit to this process?

We are approaching other folks in the Arctic through ??? [personal connections?]. A collective document held by everyone? Owned and understood by all who signed.

Arctic mining – specific features of Arctic mining
Åsa Borssén, Research Analyst, Raw Materials Group

Mining focus. Mining is focused around the ring of fire – the Pacific. But not much in Arctic. Scandanavia has some mining. Resources and reserves found in the world, potential coming up. These are more of an economic definition than geological. As long as economics for prices are high.

morewatchingHarsh conditions and remote, not a lot of infrastructure, lower grades iron ore. Will mining be viable? Is it a new frontier? Is there room for high cost mines in the future? Extremely important matter of the environment, will it be sustainable.

Trends – world population growth, urbanization, will continue to keep mining prices high. How copper use is linked to GDP per capita. This will keep mining prices high. Leading to cooperation – licenses etc. Challenges, what happens when prices go down. Other suppliers, better grades, environmental sustainaiblities.

windowsWWF question – environmental problems today will be different that environmental problems 50 years from now. Also rehabilitation phase is very long term, as mining is itself a long term plan.

Arctic mining – specific features of Arctic mining
Frank Hojem, LKAB

Can a mining company be sustainable? That is the question we have been asking ourselves, some concrete and practical examples of challenges and opportunities of moving in a sustainable way. People are moving from poverty to middle class – 3 billion people will be moving from poverty to middle class – UN report. Trying to be sustainable – produces 90 percent of iron pellets for Europe – North Sweden – largest underground projects in the world on iron ore in upper north Sweden, somewhere up there.

coffee breakPerformance in iron making – bringing things to Norvik harbor. Visit Lulu Technological University – building a research cluster, have the world’s only glass furnace to lower the co2 emmissions.

Creating wealth and growth in the region through mining. 30 billion kroner, creating problems in fact, so much growth. Urban transformation. Kirina – slopes into the city – they need to “move the city” in order to take advantage of the city.

windowBuilding a new Kirina – nothing there 100 years ago, pay for a new city, in a sustainable way. Creating a lot of wealth and faith in the future. Hiring 1000 people within the next 2 years. Creating a more attractive community. Create Sweden’s best school in the north in Sweden; LKAB academy.

Working DEEP underground; Mining already has in place a regulatory situation. Not sure it always sure that government has in place the capacity to make decisions that industry needs. Labor is completely different when talking about mining from oil and gas. Mining is so long term that they have a material responsibility more than the oil and gas industry.

wallsWho should be allowed to be active in the Arctic? Anyone? Or should we have standards.
Supporting security – insurance –

[Kirnia – there is nothing there for 100 years—was caught by someone talking about Saami- -and so the speaker has to back track and talk about longer term dialogue “many of my workers come from Saami communities”] KLAB – europe’s biggest company in iron ore, that new business understands the specifics that they are coming into, Sweden has fabulous iron ore – the reaction from the local communities will be harsh.

[Oil and gas seems much more speculative endeavor than mining. Rates of return are different in terms of timing and profit, the requirements of labor itself seem completely different, 100 fish versus 100 human deaths are different, ed.].

listening15.00 – 15.30 Coffee break
Good discussion with Håkan Tarras-Wahlberg. He has apprehensions that government will allow industry to develop movement forward, when it should be society that determines how development moves forward.

New Panel: How to apply international frameworks for sustainability in the Arctic
Mari-Lou Dupont – OECD

How to apply international frameworks for sustainability in the Arctic. Human rights and social dimensions—environment – meeting in Paris in June.

Anita Househam – UN Global Compact

Global Compact clarified est. 13 years ago with 40 companies, today, 10k participants representing 145 companies. SMEs scaling up corporate sustainability. Caring for Climate – a group caring for climate.org

eatingLooking for solutions on climate change, working with governments at UN, ensuring that they engage in dialogue with stakeholders. The CEO water mandate: looking at sustainable water use. Ultimately the state has the responsibility to affect and make better human rights.

Leontien Plugge – Global Reporting Initiative

Disclosure and reporting. You cannot manage what you can not measure. What you cannot measure, you cannot manage. Sustainable reporting – insights into financial impact, but also environmental, social, governance. GRI guidelines give stakeholder what they want to know about their performance.

Quotes Al Gore on “when all you have is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail” – improving management practices. Network based organization, experts from all over the world, and create “responsibility”. GRI’s vision – Sustainable Reporting Framework — in 23 languages, guidelines. Specific sector guidance (Oil and gas)

KPMG conducting every three years – to see who reports a sustainability report. Sweden, Netherlands, China, – all state owned companies need to issue sustainability disclosures.

Cross Sector Business Coalition for Sustainable Development in the Arctic
Martha McConnell, International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN)

Sharing of knowledge, compliance, reporting.

dinnerOkay, now Questions:
Different and too many frameworks – is there a risk of too many frameworks? Bringing people into their framework. What do these people want. Futures require bringing people into their own network [period].

Panel discussion and Q&A’s
Tom Arnbom, WWF

Pre-coffee session – lack of social rights – risk assessment – connected to people needs to be discussed more, Risk perspective in a cumulative perspective. Lloyds is a brilliant talk – can’t talk risk assessment without the cumulative assessment. Second session – we could see a lot of discussion on human rights and Indigenous peoples. How do you measure Human rights? And how do you punish it if there is violations. You need capacity among indigenous people.

Anders Blom, Protect [?]
Reflections – future, and how the future will look like. The Arctic will look totally different in the future – and I wonder if business will look totally different tomorrow. If you are building infrastructure, that could be the hinder for animals to move in the future. Environmental risk assessment – Lloyd and military report about the future of what the risks are. A logical problem, business co2 neutral or friendly. But whose taking responsibility for shipping all these resources away from the Arctic. Oil business, exportation is not his business, someone else is taking care of that. Ecosystem based management – what people needs, what nature needs and business needs. 4 million people in the Arctic.

planning40-50 years are planning for different than what it will be today. What is Ecosystem based management? How do people fit into that? We have people living in the Arctic for thousands of years, very adopted to the ecosystem itself.

Tero Vauraste, Arctic Shipping
Gaps of the discussion – lack of business community, no one here representing business, need to improve dialogue between Arctic Council and business community, most of the operational issues whatever they will be done, will be done by the business communities. Discussion very important. Mentioned that we need companies to do sustainable development – what is that? Obeying the law or? Taking Talibara mine – a big spill, they did obey the law, but now there’s a huge spill, so we need companies to be willing to find the gaps, and ensure that things are right. In other cases, there is too much regulation, where nothing is happening. Insurance is not risk management.

Screen Shot 2013-04-19 at 10.34.41 PMLeontien Plugge, Global Reporting Initiative
A lot of the good points were already made. What about these multiple initiatives, frameworks, principles—all of this are ever evolving field.

Anders Backman – Arctic Marine Solutions
The confusion among professionals about the rules of regulations – I’m doing my best daily to try and sort it out. We can have rules and regulations but how translate that into actual ??? seems important. What is unique of the Arctic in comparison to other areas?

Next steps
The Arctic Council agenda, the Canadian chairmanship
Patrick Hébert, Counsellor, Canadian Embassy in Stockholm

lightsComments
Futures and development, is it necessary— Large scale and small scale development—sustainable development, having a fourth leg, Culture. Cultural aspect is not necessarily a social aspect. Greenland. Very expensive up into the Arctic – I don’t think we will go as an industry because we want to, but because there is a demand from society – we will because there is a demand.

Johan Kuylenstierna—politics is important – in May, Sweden hands over the Arctic Council gavel to Canada.

The Arctic business agenda
Patrick Herbert, Counselor, Canadian Embassy in Stockholm

Overall theme of Canada’s chairmanship – development for people of the North: 1-responsible arctic resource development; 2, safe arctic shipping, effective ocean governance; 3, sustainable circumpolar communities. Business community is increasingly looking to the circumpolar region to build ties. We Canada, propose that the council facilitate a circumpolar business forum – CBF – this proposal is now consultated with Arctic Council folks and business communities. Once established the CBF could take on a number of activities, a webpage for inclusion of community engagement, an expo on investment and indigenous involvement—creation of a task force under the arctic council as a mechanism for…

Screen Shot 2013-04-20 at 12.11.26 PMArctic policy and economic forum – 25 november – in Copenhagen, a yearly forum for economic and political stakeholders.

Conference conclusions
Mikael Anzén, Chair of the Sustainable Development Working Group of the Arctic Council, Swedish MFA.

Cocktail and dinner
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Gustav Adolfs Torg 1

ed. note: Everyone was quite gracious, intellectually curious, and open about their interests. Of course, the Swedish Ministry provided a fabulous banquet which began with a few glasses of champagne and a speech by Mikael Anzén

dinnermarquis
Draft Program

On Thu, Apr 11, 2013 at 1:11 PM,  wrote:
> Dear all,
> It’s a pleasure to see so many participants to this conference. Since we are
> offering a light luncheon and a dinner in the evening I would kindly ask you
> to:
> 1. Inform me if you are NOT participating in the luncheon and the
> dinner.
> 2. Inform me about any allergies or other diet restrictions.
> Welcome on the 18th.
> With best regards,
>
> ———————————————————-
> Swedish chairmanship of the Arctic Council
> Department for Eastern Europe and Central Asia
> Ministry for Foreign Affairs
> 103 39 Stockholm
> Tfn: +46 8 405 32 47 Mob: +46 733 946 126
> www.regeringen.se

> www.sweden.gov.se

vision

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8/14: I visited today the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study.


Pia Hultgren was kind enough to bring me around. I had recently submitted a EURIAS fellowship application on the role of economic knowledge in energy development, which includes a stay at the Collegium. Here is Pia in her office. The Collegium is located and in fact, takes up the North Wing of the 18th c. Linneanum, a botanical garden’s palace in honor of Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778), father of taxonomy, for his system of classifying organisms.

The Collegium is quite beautiful. It is a small center with areas for scholars to hang out and read and write.

Those few academics awarded a fellowship typically take one year, living in the quarters provided by the Collegium to prepare a book or set of manuscripts dealing with some facet of economic knowledge.

Actually, there are a variety of persons attending the Collegium, from writers, philosophers, economists, and also music composers.

In addition to quiet time to think one’s thoughts, there are a lot of opportunities to present ideas, at various lecture halls within the Linneanum walls, like the one above.

There is a second wing, actually, which holds tropical plants during the winter, and at the far end of this wing can be found a cactus garden.


It is a fabulous place. My own project plans to focus on expertise in economic decision making and the role of performative knowledge.


After the tour of the Linneanum we visited the grounds of the Prefect Villa, the Collegium’s adjacent 19th c. residence.

We will see what happens with the application. Thank you Pia! for a wonderful tour!


Later that day, I milled toward downtown Uppsala to meet with Dr. Ferdinand (“Fred”) Banks, energy economist at Uppsala University. Fred has written quite few superb pieces on natural gas energy systems, a point to which I will return in a moment.

Here is Fred, seeing me off at the train station, after our lunch. Overall, I believe Fred and I got along pretty well. His labor, to which I pay tribute, a narrowness of interest toward his commitment to the idea, perhaps left him feeling warm and fuzzy inside.

I had been looking forward to this meeting. Let me begin by stating Fred B. makes a stir across the blogosphere, a point to which Jonathan Stern remarked upon during his lecture in Oslo during the Petromaks conference in 2010.

I wrote a little cheat sheet while we were chatting, as typical that I do, scribbling on paper, even though my computer was beside me, writing on both sides:


So what exactly is written on this fragment of paper? Let us take a look:

“Statements that can be used by the left or right in a variety of formats” — (experts provide commentary that, while not necessarily neutral, provide a kind of neutrality of form, in that they can be operable in a variety of formats, and utilized by various different types of competing actors, much like, say, polling during an election).

“Int. Energy Economists ass. Pipes from Russia, Gas from Norway, Gas to China, From Middle East holding price up, Exxon investments not paid off” (Fred walks through a vision of what the normal is in gas industry, things that even the most casual of observers should not be mistaken, referring also to meetings he attends).

“Argon Lab, Chicago- breeder reactor, Paris- school run by an oil company” (Fred traipsing across the landscape in reference to various other experts in different locations doing interesting things).

“Ask comparative questions- how long before prices are negotiated” (Fred suggests how I should obtain real information from experts, by not asking questions that provide direct answers, but instead, creating a comparative base of answers in a polite way that illicit ego stroking and a grid of knowledge that can be compared across different informants).

“Santa Barbara oil/gas James Hamilton Michael Lynch on oil – Stern ‘I’m not an economist’, ‘what does that mean?’ Carol Dahl- Colorado Adam Simisnky EIA University of Scotland, Bornstein – Berkeley electricity knows a lot” (more suggestions of folks to examine, and J. Stern’s first sentence to Fred).

Doodads really.

Perhaps the biggest no-brainer of all, a simpleton’s advice really, but one that nails the square on the head is: The biggest thing consultants have in their favor is that [their clients] don’t know anything” (his most sustained critique of experts, “they’re smart but they just don’t know anything”).

I did not quite get this point for sometime, until I began to recognize that my job really is to inquire into the boundary that separates what surplus knowledge someone has to know in order to be just ahead of a client, and what kinds of additional accessories assist in that advancement of notice.



8/13: Meeting tomorrow with Pia Hultgren, for a tour of the Swedish Collegium where I have a EURIAS application in play. Afterward, with Ferdinand Banks, natural gas specialist at Uppsala University.


Tracking down F. Banks, or Fred, concerns method. He carries out his own paparazzi ethnography of sorts on global gas industry, though I doubt he would admit to doing so in such language. His style, what constitutes data when considering relevant developments in industry, and as an economist, results in expressing himself by way of historical economic descriptions, and; sensitivity to underlying gossip about the conditions that could potentially impact developments. In the latter case, only Jonathan Stern lectures off the record in similar manner, a point I return to later.


What I mean is that F. Banks writings identify — in addition to underlying issues, structural conditions in very specific ways, that characterize developments —  such personal observations as data, which include conversations with people, responses by experts to his questions, quotes from newspapers, types of observations as inter-textual data, reflecting a special type of empiricism that focuses on fleeting phenomena of events.

These fleeting phenomena often become the talismans (widely recognized by others) that reduce the complexity of facts into simplicity of decisions. For this reason, I want to understand what types of connections he is making as a form of method.

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8/13: I lunched today with Annika Nilsson, Senior Research Fellow, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), working on Arctic environmental issues. We had a lot to discuss, Oof, so good to finally connect!

Annika works closely with Dag Avango, Researcher at nearby Royal Institute of Technology, and Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv, from U. Tromsø. As a coincidence, Annika and Dag are heading up to work with Gunild this fall, on Arctic resource development, actors, and networks. Since I will be up there as well, hashing out the European Research Council proposal (with Peter Arbo and Sidsel Saugestad), at once, we suggested we both coordinate our travel dates to organize a symposium on Arctic resource development at U. Tromsø, which certainly would be helpful for me, given Annika and Dag’s great work on networks and knowledge production in the Arctic.

Just a tangent here, we had great weather, dined outdoors near the SEI, what fabulous buffet style lunch at the nearby cafe.

I always make the most of a sit down meal, the ritual dimension of sharing so important on such occasions. Among the ancients, kinsmen were those who shared with their commensals. As such, it was only natural that they and their kindred god should seal and strengthen their fellowship by meeting together to nourish their common life by a common meal.

“Only persons who are a part of the circle within which each person’s life is sacred [through the shared meal] can be considered a comrade” (Robertson Smith p. 269 Religion of the Semites).

Okay. Enough Religion 101. Back to the story.

Annika works among remodeled late 19th century buildings that once served as a veterinary school. Just shows to go how life in urban Stockholm has changed these past one-hundred years, with absolutely no need for industry upkeep of horse and carriage. Perhaps academic activity will one day take place out of converted car sales parking lots.

I did not realize that we had so much in common! project wise that is, so it was for this reason, we took the time to catch up on alignment. For example, Annika is participating on Assessing Arctic Futures: Voices, Resources and Governance — quite similar to a proposal on sustainability we are putting together, due next month — the we here being Florian Stammler (Arctic Centre, Roveniemi), Maria Stoilkova (U. Florida), and UC Berkeley ERG’s own Evil Genius, Anna Katenbacher, my assistant who continually keeps my head above Ostriching into the ground.

Annika is also working on the Barents oil gas development project, and developing a working paper through another researcher, Nadezhda Fillimonova, recently graduated from Uppsala U. with a Master’s degree (congrats Nadia!), over which I became quite excited to hear about, given my own current research on the Barents Shtokman project.

In fact, I am just now putting together a briefing paper for Annika’s end-of-the-week workshop with colleagues to let them know I have been in town, that we connected over lunch, and that we are ready to move forward on a few proposals.

Thanks again Annika! for a great meal and chat.




Onward to Uppsala!




8/12: To Stockholm.

Airport sushi (my Berkeley reprieve).

What canned vegetables see (inside Stockholm subway station).



Voilà

Stockholm is such a beautiful city.

I was here just several months ago, paying a visit to Nadezhda Fillimonova, working then at Stockholm Environment Institute, about whom I blog below. But the city in April bears no resemblance to what I am seeing before me today, so green and warm.




8/11: CICER-O (on Saturday)

On Saturday, I visited Dr. Ilan Kelman. I was lucky to come across his acquaintance from a one, Dr. Marius Næss, with whom I lunched just several days previously in Tromsø, mentioned in my Tromsø post below. Our meeting was today brief, but in fact, we were capable of rolling out, as it were, in this quieted exchange, several research interests over which we share a mutual direction.

Dr. Kelman hails from the great North American city of Toronto, a favorite of mine to be sure, with its Chicago look and NYC feel. Tip-tap, Tip-tap was the sound of the metronomic form by which we moved across our priorities as we got to know each other at high-noon, and may I add here, how refreshing it is to be able to cross paths so nimbly, as if acquainted already with each other’s typologies of form.
Ilan is lead author on a superb (and successful) Norwegian Research Council application on oil and gas communities in the Arctic and sustainable visions of the future, which is one purpose for our meeting — on a Saturday afternoon, a real no-no in terms of Life-Balance issues, as was instructed to me this past week at Fulbright Norway orientation. But, oh well, as Ilan hails from N. America, we were happy to meet at the CICERO building on a weekend.

CICERO has a Mad Men TV-show set feel. Lucky for me there was plenty of coffee from a typical latte making machine I have become quite familiar with, and for which I include in my descriptions surrounding the corporeality of expertise.

We covered a whole slew of items, including a lengthy discussion on Ilan’s Island Vulnerability Studies and Disaster Research, which can be found more generally on his website.

Something that caught my attention was the walk back to central Oslo. CICERO is on the road to Holmenkollen, which enroute by foot, I managed only to find by main thoroughfare, although the Google maps suggested alternate routes. And on my way back, these routes became apparent to me. What they are, in fact, and the reason for which I could not trace the original path to CICERO, are small walking paths along side little streams flowing down from Holmenkollen.


What a fabulous way to walk through a city.






8/10 Epilogue: We reconvened to discuss things we know about or wanted to know what the other thought about.


We began from the balcony and moved to the street.


Chatting till twilight…

…from Dusk.

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4/12: Just leaving to the airport, for New York to attend the Oil-Talk Workshop. In the lobby of Nobis Hotel, after having spent several days in Stockholm talking with Nadezhda F. We wandered throughout the city, chatting.

I must have mentioned to Nadia of my interest in the aesthetics of sentiment. Those turns of phrases, glances, hand gestures, by which business becomes something more than abstract exchange, or when information becomes more than knowledge, that is, when the mundane rises to the ideal, laboring in such ways that personal quests arise.

Did I say that Nadezda has familiarity with oil and gas development in the Arctic? In particular, the Barents Sea area? A native speaker of Russian, following the news reports appearing in trade journals– we became acquainted while participating at the Arctic Frontiers Conference in Tromsø earlier this January.

Much of our conversation around Stockholm remained on the tourist level, until we stopped by a hostel for coffee, while enroute to the Grand Hotel for dinner.

It was then, taking a break, and this was on the last day of my visit to Stockholm —  having met together earlier, the evening before for dinner and drinks, and earlier the evening before that for wine at Nobis Hotel–that we talked a bit about the question of routine and friendship.

I was interested in such things. Moving around, like we both do, one wonders about routine, who one meets on a weekly basis, talks with about professional, eureka moment issues and the personal. Nadezda is completing a Master’s Thesis at Uppsala University, covering Norwegian-Russian border demarcation issues, and in personal touch on the topic with key persons, e.g., Arild M., Deputy Director at Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Oslo, and having worked recently as researcher, at SEI (Stockholm Environment Institute).

There is a bridge that separates the hostel, where we stopped for coffee, from the Grand Hotel. We rested and took a few photos. In the first photo, Nadezda peers at a lock that someone unknown to us has placed on the crown base. In the second photo, I have cropped the first image, to show the lock in relief. Actually, just below the crown there are several locks and silly me, I did not get a photograph of those locks.

I first became aware of the lock-on-a-bridge phenomena in Moscow, on a bridge, where there were gobs of locks, apparently, placed there by blue birds who wish to remain together forever. The image captured our attention. As you might imagine, it is unusual to see this practice on a Swedish bridge with a crown.

Photography of Beatles in a Hotel.

AK, DC, parts of Canada.

Visual perception. So how does a blind man lead.

Access and behavior in a certain way.

My role mediated by my discipline.

Environments of legitimation and distance to the object.

Politics of older economy of power which relates to the body. Personal contact of lobbist, you believe you can influence people.

Knowles became the senator through the speech of experts.

–Are these Haikus? No. Just notes that I was taking while talking with Nadia at dinner, stopping every few minutes or so, interrupting the flow of our conversation in order to make a note on my writing pad. I have little idea what these notes mean now. It is all on the account of my manuscript that I am writing. I take notes, and then set them aside for a convenient time to reflect upon their meaning. Like right now!

I became excited talking about my book. I explained to Nadia all the little details that refer to fleeting phenomena. Did I mention that Nadezda and I had a chance to chat during the ARCTOS sponsored PhD seminar in Svolvaer this past January? We talked about our respective projects, which are quite similar actually, both working on the Barents Sea area.

I should mention here, by the way, that I had been traveling for some time before arriving into Stockholm, and Nadezda guessed that I was pretty tuckered, especially by the way I clung to the couches inside Nobis Hotel. I had to laugh over her concern for me while walking around town, but you never know.
Here is an image of Nadia’s hand as she escalates the stairs for a better view of Stockholm. I followed in curiosity to where the steps lead.

This photo below is of the parliament on the left and a view from the king’s house. The view stretches from left to right:

Perhaps I have little to talk about other than work, and for this reason perhaps, it was good to have the ear of a fellow researcher working in a similar area.

One of the things that struck me as we were talking, is that my Barents Sea project, where I examine natural gas development or conversations on development — the study involves various categories of actors, including experts, journalists, consultants who have conversations with each other, on this very same topic. These conversations take place in various cities across Russia, in Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Murmansk, but also in Western Europe, in places like London, Oslo, Tromsø, Paris, Berlin, and even in the United States, but primarily Houston, and Washington, D.C.

That is to say, the nature and degree of interdependences holding together a wide spectrum of various people and groups — interdependencies that always require the owners, government, pipeline builders, and so forth, is peripatetic, as issues travel across city to city and announcements take place in various places. An entire following journeys about, journalists, consultants, industry experts traveling from Moscow to London and back again. In this way the arteries connecting the social lives of Western expertise, Russian rule making are not constricted. A process of distancing is taking place, but the constant movement of the proposal prevents the distances from becoming petrified creating an awareness of the networks and entanglements in and through which everyone must act and think.



4/9: The second time this year that I have had to leave Oslo before 5 AM in the morning.

Reading the entire evening, drifting off around 3AM and hearing the buzzer go off at 4AM.


4/8: Tour of the Norwegian Parliament, the Storting, and met with H. R., MP, to discuss the topic of High North Strategy. We chat briefly on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ resolution on High North Initiatives and project cooperation with Russia.


There is a funding program, for example, through the Norwegian Research Council to develop strategic competence in Norway through building networks with international research communities.


Throughout the dialogue, Russia emerges as important to Norway as neighbour and global actor, requiring study of new knowledges, foreign policy of special relevance to High North/Arctic with interests of China: security, energy, climate research, sea routes in the Arctic.

Key actors and institutions in Russia, et cetera and so on.

Back at the hotel reworking a Norwegian Research Council grant, sending it off to Sidsel S., U Tromsø, Dept. Anthropology for her review. And reworking a book chapter for an edited volume, Cultures of Energy.

After a nap, coffee latte, I came up with a the idea for how to restructure the piece.

I have been carrying this piece nearly 5 years, so I am glad it finally has a home.



4/7: “Hitting bottom isn’t a weekend retreat” (Durden 1999).

Catching-up with Fight Club‘s Tyler Durden and Marla Singer for a few hours in between shifting work loads.


4/6: Oslo.


4/5: On meaning and the Hotel Room.


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